Treatment for acanthocytosis depends on the cause. Treating the underlying condition can help treat acanthocytosis.
If you have anorexia or severe malnutrition, you can reverse acanthocytosis by treating the nutrition and eating disorder. If it’s caused by medication, stopping and changing the medication can also reverse acanthocytosis.
If you get hemolytic anemia from severe liver disease, your doctor might recommend:
- Blood transfusion
- A shunt that bypasses your liver called a TIPS
- Liver transplant
A blood transfusion doesn’t always work. The red blood cells in the donor blood can change into acanthocytes after they enter your body. Your doctor might suggest a liver transplant in such cases.
People who have abetalipoproteinemia will need to supplement their diet with vitamins A, D, E, K in large amounts to manage their symptoms. You might need to eat a low-fat diet and limit the fats and oils you eat.
There is no cure for neuroacanthocytosis conditions. Treatment involves managing symptoms with different medications or therapies. These can be:
- Anti-seizure medications
- Botox for muscle spasms
- Speech therapy
- Occupational therapy
- Physical therapy