Cystoid macular degeneration is an autosomal dominant genetic form of macular degeneration. It starts in childhood or adolescence. Later, it affects the central vision. The best vitelliform macular dystrophy is related to an abnormality in the VMD2 gene. The early symptoms of cystoid macular degeneration are not noticeable. The other symptoms include blurry vision, faded colours, distorted central vision, and loss of vision. It can occur to-
1. Diabetic patients because retinal blood vessels are damaged due to high blood sugar
2. Age-related macular degeneration- this occurs with age due to degeneration of the macula
3. Eye surgery- retinal blood vessels are damaged due to eye surgeries
4. Vascular diseases- high blood pressure or atherosclerosis leads to blood vessel blockages.
5. Inflammatory diseases- This disease affects the eye retina. It can also be affected due to cytomegalovirus infection, retinal necrosis, sarcoidosis, and behcet's syndrome.
6. Genetic eye disorders- This includes retinitis pigmentosa, and retinoschisis.
7. Some other conditions that damage the macula include eye tumors, eye injury, etc.
8. A person who has cataract extractions will be at risk of a decrease in vision due to cystoid macular degeneration.
9. Other risk factors include disease that disrupts the blood-retinal barrier, such as diabetes mellitus, uveitis, retinal vein occlusion, retinal degeneration, macular degeneration, radiation retinopathy, and epiretinal membranes, choroidal tumors etc.
Blurry central vision,Wavy central vision,Colors that look washed out or different than usual,Difficulty reading,Double vision,Eye floaters (dark spots in your vision)
A condition that happens when blood vessels in your retina leak fluid into a part of your eye called the macula. This can cause a buildup of fluid leading your macula to swell
Anti-VEGF injections,Corticosteroids in the form of eye drops, pills, or injections