A member of the flavivirus family, encephalitis, Japanese is contagious. By way of the Culex mosquito.
Along with humans, the virus can also infect pigs and horses. In horses, this can cause encephalitis, and in pigs, it can cause miscarriage.
A virus originates from a host, and the vector spreads it. The natural hosts of JEV are most likely wild birds, and mosquitoes are the carriers of the disease. A vector spreads disease, not causes it.
Animals that are bitten by mosquitoes may contract the virus and pass it on to other creatures. Additional mosquitoes pick up the virus and spread it to other animals when they feed on these newly infected animals.
In rural places where the virus is prevalent, people are more at risk. Nearby villages and cities frequently experience Japanese encephalitis.
Children are more likely to be affected since adults in regions where the virus is endemic typically develop immunity as they age.
1. The disease known as Japanese encephalitis is incurable.
2. Once a person has the illness, treatments solely deal with the symptoms. Antiviral medications are readily available, and antibiotics are ineffective against viruses.
3. Preventing Japanese encephalitis is the best course of action.
Inflammation of the brain (encephalitis)