Because hydranencephaly currently has no cure, treatment focuses on managing symptoms.
To help remove excess cerebrospinal fluid from the brain, a surgeon can place a shunt, or one-way valve, inside the skull. The shunt is attached to a catheter, a flexible tube. The catheter will run into the abdominal cavity, where the fluid is transferred from the brain. This procedure can help relieve painful pressure inside your child’s head. It may also prolong life.
Seizures can be treated with medications, including anticonvulsants, as well as other therapies. Diet and calming techniques can sometimes reduce seizures, too.
Calming and relaxation strategies may also help reduce irritability. Medications, such as stool softeners, may also be helpful in treating constipation.
It’s important that treatment for all symptoms and complications are coordinated by your child’s doctor. This will help to avoid overmedication or unwanted side effects from multiple medications and procedures.