Symptoms can be relieved with medications, including:
- prescription antihistamines, such as desloratadine (Clarinex)
- medications that can reduce dizziness and nausea, such as meclizine (Antivert)
- sedatives, such as diazepam (Valium)
- corticosteroids, such as prednisone
- over-the-counter antihistamines, such as fexofenadine (Allegra), diphenhydramine (Benadryl), or loratadine (Claritin)
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If you have an active infection, your doctor will probably prescribe antibiotics.
In addition to taking medications, there are several techniques you can use to relieve vertigo:
- Avoid quick changes in position or sudden movements.
- Sit still during a vertigo attack.
- Get up slowly from a lying down or seated position.
- Avoid television, computer screens, and bright or flashing lights during a vertigo attack.
- If vertigo occurs while you’re in bed, try sitting up in a chair and keeping your head still. Low lighting is better for your symptoms than darkness or bright lights.
If your vertigo continues for a long time, physical and occupational therapists can teach you exercises to help improve balance.
Vertigo can interfere with your ability to operate a car or other machinery safely. You should make other arrangements until it’s safe to drive again.