About Menstrual migraine
What is Menstrual migraine?
Menstrual migraine is a type of migraine headache that occurs in women around the time of their menstrual period. It is estimated that up to 60% of women with migraine experience menstrual migraine, which is more severe and lasts longer than other types of migraine. Symptoms of menstrual migraine include throbbing or pulsing pain on one side of the head, nausea, vomiting, and sensitivity to light and sound. Treatment options include lifestyle changes, medications, and alternative therapies.
What are the symptoms of Menstrual migraine?
The symptoms of menstrual migraine include:
-Headache Pain that is throbbing or pulsating, usually on one side of the head
-Nausea and/or vomiting
-Sensitivity to light and sound
-Mood changes, such as Irritability or depression
What are the causes of Menstrual migraine?
1. Hormonal changes: Fluctuations in estrogen and progesterone levels during the menstrual cycle can trigger migraine headaches.
2. Stress: Stress can be a major trigger for menstrual migraine.
3. Diet: Eating certain foods or skipping meals can trigger migraine headaches.
4. Sleep: Lack of sleep or changes in sleep patterns can trigger migraine headaches.
5. Caffeine: Too much caffeine can trigger migraine headaches.
6. Alcohol: Drinking alcohol can trigger migraine headaches.
7. Weather: Changes in weather can trigger migraine headaches.
What are the treatments for Menstrual migraine?
1. Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs): These medications, such as ibuprofen, naproxen, and aspirin, can help reduce the pain and inflammation associated with menstrual migraine.
2. Hormonal contraceptives: Birth control pills, patches, and rings can help regulate hormones and reduce the frequency and severity of menstrual migraine.
3. Triptans: These medications, such as sumatriptan, can help reduce the intensity of migraine headaches.
4. Antidepressants: Certain antidepressants, such as amitriptyline, can help reduce the frequency and severity of menstrual migraine.
5. Magnesium supplements: Magnesium supplements can help reduce the frequency and severity of menstrual migraine.
6. Botox injections: Botox injections can help reduce the frequency and severity of menstrual migraine.
What are the risk factors for Menstrual migraine?
1. Family history of migraine
2. History of migraine with aura
4. Hormonal fluctuations
5. Poor sleep
7. Alcohol consumption
8. Caffeine consumption
9. Certain medications
10. Certain foods
Is there a cure/medications for Menstrual migraine?
Yes, there are medications available to treat menstrual migraine. These include non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), triptans, hormonal contraceptives, and magnesium supplements. Your doctor may also recommend lifestyle changes, such as avoiding triggers, getting regular exercise, and managing stress.