1. Hormonal changes in women: Fluctuations in estrogen can trigger migraines in some women.
2. Stress: Stress at work or home can cause migraines.
3. Sensory stimuli: Bright lights and sun glare can induce migraines, as can loud sounds.
4. Changes in sleep patterns: Missing sleep or getting too much sleep can trigger migraines.
5. Certain foods and drinks: Processed foods, salty foods, aged cheeses, chocolate, alcohol, and caffeinated beverages can all trigger migraines.
6. Medications: Some medications, such as oral contraceptives and vasodilators, can trigger migraines.
7. Environmental changes: Changes in barometric pressure, humidity, and temperature can trigger migraines.