About Migraine without aura

What is Migraine without aura?

Migraine without aura is a type of migraine headache that does not include any of the sensory disturbances known as aura. It is the most common type of migraine, and it is characterized by a throbbing or pulsing headache that can last from four to 72 hours. Symptoms may include nausea, vomiting, sensitivity to light and sound, and pain on one side of the head.

What are the symptoms of Migraine without aura?

The most common symptoms of migraine without aura include:

1. Moderate to severe throbbing or pulsing headache, usually on one side of the head
2. Nausea and/or vomiting
3. Sensitivity to light, sound, and/or smells
4. Loss of appetite
5. Fatigue
6. Dizziness
7. Blurred vision
8. Neck stiffness

What are the causes of Migraine without aura?

1. Hormonal changes in women: Fluctuations in estrogen can trigger migraines in some women.

2. Stress: Stress at work or home can cause migraines.

3. Sensory stimuli: Bright lights and sun glare can induce migraines, as can loud sounds.

4. Changes in sleep patterns: Missing sleep or getting too much sleep can trigger migraines.

5. Certain foods and drinks: Processed foods, salty foods, aged cheeses, chocolate, alcohol, and caffeinated beverages can all trigger migraines.

6. Medications: Some medications, such as oral contraceptives and vasodilators, can trigger migraines.

7. Environmental changes: Changes in barometric pressure, humidity, and temperature can trigger migraines.

What are the treatments for Migraine without aura?

1. Over-the-counter medications: Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) such as ibuprofen, aspirin, and naproxen sodium can help reduce pain and inflammation associated with migraine.

2. Prescription medications: Triptans, such as sumatriptan, rizatriptan, and zolmitriptan, are medications specifically designed to treat migraine. They work by narrowing blood vessels in the brain and blocking pain pathways.

3. Antidepressants: Tricyclic antidepressants, such as amitriptyline, can help reduce the frequency and severity of migraine attacks.

4. Anti-seizure medications: Medications such as topiramate, valproic acid, and gabapentin can help reduce the frequency and severity of migraine attacks.


What are the risk factors for Migraine without aura?

1. Family history of migraine
2. Female gender
3. Age (most common between the ages of 25 and 55)
4. Stress
5. Anxiety
6. Depression
7. Hormonal changes (especially in women)
8. Certain foods and food additives
9. Skipping meals
10. Alcohol consumption
11. Caffeine consumption
12. Poor sleep habits
13. Bright lights or loud noises
14. Weather changes
15. Certain medications

Is there a cure/medications for Migraine without aura?

Yes, there are several medications available to treat migraine without aura. These include over-the-counter pain relievers such as ibuprofen and acetaminophen, as well as prescription medications such as triptans, ergotamines, and anti-nausea medications. Your doctor may also recommend lifestyle changes, such as avoiding triggers, getting regular exercise, and managing stress.