Treatment will differ depending on the kind of systemic mastocytosis and the organs affected. Treatment typically consists of symptom management, disease treatment, and ongoing monitoring.
Identifying and avoiding triggers for the mast cells, like certain foods, medications, or insect stings, can help you manage your systemic mastocytosis symptoms.
The doctor may advise you to take medications for:
1. Antihistamines, for example, can be used to treat symptoms.
2. Reduce stomach acid and digestive system discomfort.
3. Corticosteroids, for example, can be used to block the effects of the substances released by your mast cells.
4. Reduce mast cell production by inhibiting the KIT gene.
A medical expert can teach the patient how to provide an epinephrine injection if mast cells are stimulated and you have a severe allergic reaction.
If the patient has aggressive systemic mastocytosis, systemic mastocytosis coupled with another blood illness, or mast cell leukemia, they may be given chemotherapy to lower the number of mast cells in their body.
2. Transplantation of stem cells
A stem cell transplant may be a possibility for persons with mast cell leukemia, a more advanced form of systemic mastocytosis.
Flushing, itching or hives,Abdominal pain, diarrhea, nausea or vomiting,Anemia or bleeding disorders,Bone and muscle pain,Enlarged liver, spleen or lymph nodes,Depression, mood changes or problems concentrating
Anaphylactic reaction,Blood disorders,Peptic ulcer disease,Reduced bone density,Organ failure