Trigeminal neuralgia (tic douloureux) is a disorder that causes one side of the face to experience pain that feels like an electric shock. The trigeminal nerve, which transmits feeling from your face to your brain, is impacted by this chronic pain syndrome. If you have trigeminal neuralgia, even slight facial stimulation, such as when you clean your teeth or put on cosmetics, can send a sharp, terrible pain through your face.
At first, you can encounter brief, mild attacks. However, trigeminal neuralgia can advance and result in longer, more frequent episodes of excruciating pain. Women experience trigeminal neuralgia more frequently than males do, and persons older than 50 are more prone to develop it.
Risk factors for trigeminal neuralgia (tic douloureux)
1. Trigeminal neuralgia (tic douloureux) is more prevalent in elderly adults (often 50 and older), in women than in males, and more frequently affects the right side of the face than the left. Typically, it does not run in families.
2. Trigeminal neuralgia (tic douloureux) often develops on its own, however, it can occasionally be brought on by facial trauma or dental treatments.
3. Vascular compression, another name for the condition where a blood vessel presses against the trigeminal nerve, maybe the cause. The insulation, known as myelin, can be worn away over time by the pressure of an artery pressing on the nerve, leaving the nerve exposed and extremely sensitive.
4. The ensuing symptoms may resemble those brought on by dental issues. Thus, individuals with untreated trigeminal neuralgia occasionally experiment with various dental procedures in an effort to manage the pain.
Numbness and/or a tingling sensation,Short bursts of severe pain,Regular aches and pains,Burning sensation to one side of the face
Loss of hearing,Facial weakness and numbness,Stroke or death,Double vision
Carbamazepine (Tegretol, Carbatrol, others)