The term "facio-auriculo-vertebral spectrum" describes a group of three uncommon conditions that many medical professionals think are closely related to one another and which range in severity within the same disorder. These conditions are present at birth (congenital). They involve deformities of the eyes, ears, and spine, as the name would imply.
The least severe type of the disorder is represented by the facio-auriculo-vertebral spectrum, but the most severe is Goldenhar syndrome, which frequently manifests. A middle variant of hemifacial microsomia appears to exist.
These abnormalities typically affect the cheeks, jaw, mouth, ears, eyes, and/or spinal column bones (vertebrae). Although such malformations normally only affect one side of the body (about 60% of the time), between 10% and 33% of those who are affected have such deformities on both sides of the body (bilateral), with one side typically being more affected than the other (asymmetry). The right side is typically more seriously impacted than the left in such circumstances.
Treatment / Management
1. Starting in the first few days of birth, the therapy of patients with facio-auriculo-vertebral spectrum requires an interprofessional approach.
2. Pediatricians and neonatologists make the diagnosis of congenital abnormalities and begin treatment immediately after birth.
3. After a thorough examination, management should be personalized for the patient and concentrate on raising the quality of life.
4. Pediatricians, ophthalmologists, oral and maxillofacial surgeons, audiologists, otolaryngologists, speech therapists, orthodontists, plastic surgeons, radiologists, neurosurgeons, social workers, psychologists, and geneticists should be on the management team.
5. It is not the intent of this analysis to discuss the specific management of all systemic problems.
Underdeveloped upper jaw and lower jaw, Underdeveloped facial muscles and surrounding bones, Underdevelopment of the outer ear (microtia), ear tags, and middle
ear anomalies, Hearing loss, Vertebral anomalies
A complex of mainly craniofacial and vertebral anomalies